Meta-analysis for Family Therapy

Forest Plot

Forest plot presenting data from each study as well as the overall, random effects aggregate estimate.

Key Statistics

Key parameter estimates from a random effects meta-analysis using Restricted-Maximum Likelihood (REML) estimation. All analyses were performed using the metafor package available for R ( Additional information from the analysis is available on the 'Metafor Output' tab.


If you have questions or feedback regarding this site, please contact the maintainers at
This tab provides the R output in raw form. This application uses the metafor package to perform the analyses.



Select Data to Present

Choose which dataset to view. The default is the analysis dataset. That is, the dataset used for the meta-analysis. If you would like to see the entire dataset, click on 'Full Dataset'.
Effect sizes were calculated using means, standard deviations, and sample sizes when that information was avialable. When that information was not available, we used the methods outlined in Shadish, W. R., Robinson, L., & Lu, C. (1999). ES: A computer program and manual for effect size calculation. Minneapolis, MN: Assessment Systems.

1.     Alexander, J. F., & Parsons, B. V. (1973). Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: Impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81, 219-225. 

2.     Borduin, C. M., Henggeler, S. W., Blaske, D. M., & Stein, R. (1990). Multisystemic treatment of adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 35, 105-114.

3.     Borduin, C. M., Mann, B. J., Cone, L. T., Henggeler, S. W., Fucci, B. R., Blaske, D. M., et al. (1995). Multisystemic treatment of serious juvenile offenders: Long-term prevention of criminality and violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 569-578.

4.     Borduin, C. M., Schaeffer, C. M., & Heiblum, N. (2009). A randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders: Effects on youth social ecology and criminal activity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 26-37. doi:10.1037/a0013035

5.     Brown, T. L., Henggeler, S. W., Schoenwald, S. K., Brondino, M. J., & Pickrel, S. G. (1999). Multisystemic treatment of substance abusing and dependent juvenile delinquents: Effects on school attendance at posttreatment and 6-month follow-up. Children's Services: Social policy, research and practice, 2, 81-93.

6.     Coatsworth, J. D., Santisteban, D. A., McBride, C. K., & Szapocznik, J. (2001). Brief strategic family therapy versus community control: engagement, retention, and an exploration of the moderating role of adolescent symptom severity. Family process, 40, 313-332.

7.     Dennis, M., Godley, S. H., Diamond, G., Tims, F. M., Babor, T., Donaldson, J., et al. (2004). The Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) Study: main findings from two randomized trials. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 27, 197-213. doi:S0740-5472(04)00087-X [pii]10.1016/j.jsat.2003.09.005

8.     Friedman, A. (1989). Family therapy vs. parent groups: Effects on adolescent drug abusers. American Journal of Family Therapy, 17, 335-347.

9.     Henggeler, S. W., Clingempeel, W. G., Brondino, M. J., & Pickrel, S. G. (2002). Four-year follow-up of multisystemic therapy with substance-abusing and substance-dependent juvenile offenders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 868-874.

10.  Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B., Brondino, M. J., Scherer, D. G., & Hanley, J. H. (1997). Multisystemic therapy with violent and chronic juvenile offenders and their families: The role of treatment fidelity in successful dissemination. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 821-833.

11.  Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B., & Smith, L. A. (1992). Family preservation using multisystemic therapy: An effective alternative to incarcerating serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 953-961.

12.  Henggeler, S. W., Melton, G. B., Smith, L. A., Schoenwald, S. K., & Hanley, J. H. (1993). Family preservation using multisystemic treatment: Long-term follow-up to a clinical trial with serious juvenile offenders. Journal of child and family studies, 2, 283-293.

13.  Henggeler, S. W., Pickrel, S. G., & Brondino, M. J. (1999). Multisystemic treatment of substance abusing and dependent delinquents: Outcomes, treatment fidelity, and transportability. Mental Health Services Research, 1, 171-184.

14.  Leschied, A. W., & Cunningham, A. (2002). Seeking effective interventions for young offenders: Interim results of a four-year randomized study of multisystemic therapy in Ontario, Canada. London, Ontario: Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System. Unpublished Manuscript.

15.  Letourneau, E. J., Henggeler, S. W., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P. A., McCart, M. R., Chapman, J. E., et al. (2009). Multisystemic therapy for juvenile sexual offenders: 1-year results from a randomized effectiveness trial. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, 89-102. doi:10.1037/a0014352

16.  Liddle, H. A., Dakof, G. A., Parker, K., Diamond, G., Barrett, K., & Tejeda, M. (2001). Multidimensional family therapy for adolescent drug abuse: Results of a randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 27, 651-688.

17.  Liddle, H. A., Dakof, G. A., Turner, R. M., Henderson, C. E., & Greenbaum, P. E. (2008). Treating adolescent drug abuse: A randomized trial comparing multidimensional family therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. Addiction, 103, 1660-1670.

18.  Liddle, H. A., Rowe, C., Dakof, G. A., Henderson, C. E., & Greenbaum, P. E. (2009). Multidimensional family therapy for young adolescent substance abuse: Twelve-month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 12-25.

19.  Liddle, H. A., Rowe, C., Dakof, G. A., Ungaro, R. A., & Henderson, C. E. (2004). Early intervention for adolescent substance abuse: Pretreatment to posttreatment outcome of a randomized clinical trial comparing multidimensional family therapy and peer group treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 36, 49-63.

20.  Nickel, M., Luley, J., Krawczyk, J., Nickel, C., Widermann, C., Lahmann, C., et al. (2006). Bullying girls - changes after brief strategic family therapy: a randomized, prospective, controlled trial with one-year follow-up. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 75, 47-55. doi:PPS2006075001047 [pii]10.1159/000089226

21.  Nickel, M., Muehlbacher, M., Kaplan, P., Krawczyk, J., Buschmann, W., Kettler, C., et al. (2006). Influence of family therapy on bullying behavior, cortisol secretion, anger, and quality of life in bullying male adolescents: a randomized, prospective, controlled study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 355-362.

22.  Ogden, T., & Halliday-Boykins, C. A. (2004). Multisystemic treatment of antisocial adolescents in Norway: Replication of clinical outcomes outside of the US. Child and Adolescent Mental Health Volume, 9, 77-83.

23.  Rowland, M. D., Halliday-Boykins, C. A., Henggeler, S. W., Cunningham, P. B., Lee, T. G., Kruesi, J. P., et al. (2005). A randomized trial of multisystemic therapy with Hawaii's felix class youths. Journal of Emotional and Behaviorial Disorders, 13, 13-23.

24.  Santisteban, D. A., Coatsworth, J. D., Perez-Vidal, A., Kurtines, W. M., Schwartz, S. J., LaPerriere, A., et al. (2003). Efficacy of brief strategic family therapy in modifying hispanic adolescent behavior problems and substance use. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 121-133.

25.  Schaeffer, C. M., & Borduin, C. M. (2005). Long-term follow-up to a randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy with serious and violent juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 445-453.

26.  Sundell, K., Hansson, K., Lofholm, C. A., Olsson, T., Gustle, L.-H., & Kadesjo, C. (2008). The transportability of multisystemic therapy to Sweden: Short-term results from a randomized trial of conduct-disordered youths. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 550-560.

27.  Szapocznik, J., Rio, A., Murray, E., Cohen, R., Scopetta, M., Rivas-Vazquez, A., et al. (1989). Structural family versus psychodynamic child therapy for problematic Hispanic boys. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 571-578.

28.  Timmons-Mitchell, J., Bender, M. B., Kishna, M. A., & Mitchell, C. C. (2006). An independent effectiveness trial of multisystemic therapy with juvenile justice youth. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 227-236. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3502_6

29.  Waldron, H. B., Slesnick, N., Brody, J. L., Turner, C. W., & Peterson, T. R. (2001). Treatment outcome from adolescent substance abuse at 4- and 7- month assessments. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 802-813.




Select an outcome measure category as well as a comparison group category. The default for the Outcome Measure is 'All', which aggregates across all measures within a study (computes an average that accounts for within-study correlations between outcomes). The default for Comparison Type is 'Control'. Thus, the initial results you see on the right are the meta-analysis results for all outcome measures comparing a family therapy to control. Save Analysis Dataset as a .csv file Save Full Dataset as a .csv file